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God Bless Tolkien and Jackson and everyone involved in the conception and making of this film, for creating a world that is at my fingertips, only takes the touch of a button to go to whenever I want, and makes me forget everything else.

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Keep track of everything you watch; tell your friends. Full Cast and Crew. A meek Hobbit from the Shire and eight companions set out on a journey to destroy the powerful One Ring and save Middle-earth from the Dark Lord Sauron.

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Top Rated Movies 11 Won 4 Oscars. Learn more More Like This. The Two Towers The Return of the King The Dark Knight Saving Private Ryan Edit Cast Cast overview, first billed only: Voice of the Ring voice Noel Appleby Everard Proudfoot Sean Astin Gondorian Archivist Mark Ferguson Edit Storyline An ancient Ring thought lost for centuries has been found, and through a strange twist in fate has been given to a small Hobbit named Frodo.

You will find adventure, or adventure will find you. Edit Details Official Sites: Edit Did You Know? His attractive character was noticed by fans, who dubbed him "Figwit" short for "Frodo is great His celebrity on the Internet was such, that Peter Jackson who has informally accepted the use of the name , brought him back in The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King , with two scripted dialogue lines.

Goofs When Frodo crouches back from the Ringwraiths on Weathertop, the Ringwraith closest to him has a sword in his right and a knife in his left hand.

After Frodo puts on the Ring, the Ringwraith's left Hand can be seen - but the knife is gone. Quotes [ first lines ] Galadriel: The world is changed.

I feel it in the water. I feel it in the earth. I smell it in the air. Much that once was is lost, for none now live who remember it.

It began with the forging of the Great Rings. Three were given to the Elves, immortal, wisest and fairest of all beings. Seven to the Dwarf lords, great miners and craftsmen of the mountain halls.

And nine, nine rings were gifted to the race of Men, who, above all else, desire power. Elrond, with the advice of Gandalf, chooses companions for him.

The Company of the Ring are nine in number: After a failed attempt to cross the Misty Mountains through the Redhorn Pass, the Company are forced to take a perilous path through the Mines of Moria.

They are attacked by the Watcher in the Water before the doors of Moria. Inside Moria, they learn of the fate of Balin and his colony of Dwarves.

After surviving an attack, they are pursued by Orcs and by an ancient demon called a Balrog. Gandalf faces the Balrog, and both of them fall into the abyss.

There, Boromir tries to take the Ring from Frodo, but Frodo puts it on and disappears. Frodo chooses to go alone to Mordor, but Sam guesses what he intends and goes with him.

Aragorn, Gimli and Legolas debate which pair of hobbits to follow. They decide to pursue the Orcs taking Merry and Pippin to Saruman.

In the kingdom of Rohan , the Orcs are slain by a company of Rohirrim. Merry and Pippin escape into Fangorn Forest, where they are befriended by Treebeard , the oldest of the tree-like Ents.

Aragorn, Gimli and Legolas track the hobbits to Fangorn. There they unexpectedly meet Gandalf. Gandalf explains that he slew the Balrog; darkness took him, but he was sent back to Middle-earth to complete his mission.

He is clothed in white and is now Gandalf the White, for he has taken Saruman's place as the chief of the wizards. Gandalf assures his friends that Merry and Pippin are safe.

Together they ride to Edoras , capital of Rohan. Meanwhile, the Ents, roused by Merry and Pippin from their peaceful ways, attack Isengard , Saruman's stronghold, and trap the wizard in the tower of Orthanc.

Gandalf brings an army of Rohirrim to Helm's Deep, and they defeat the Orcs, who flee into the "forest" of Huorns, never to be seen again.

Gandalf offers Saruman a chance to turn away from evil. When Saruman refuses to listen, Gandalf strips him of his rank and most of his powers.

After Saruman crawls back to his prison, Wormtongue drops a sphere to try and kill Gandalf. Pippin is seen by Sauron. Gandalf rides for Minas Tirith , chief city of Gondor, taking Pippin with him.

Frodo and Sam capture Gollum, who has followed them from Moria. They force him to guide them to Mordor.

They find that the Black Gate of Mordor is too well guarded, so instead they travel to a secret way Gollum knows.

On the way, they encounter Faramir , who, unlike his brother Boromir, resists the temptation to seize the Ring.

Gollum — who is torn between his loyalty to Frodo and his desire for the Ring — betrays Frodo by leading him to the great spider Shelob in the tunnels of Cirith Ungol.

Frodo falls to Shelob's sting. But with the help of Galadriel's gifts, Sam fights off the spider. Believing Frodo to be dead, Sam takes the Ring to continue the quest alone.

Orcs find Frodo; Sam overhears them and learns that Frodo is still alive. Sauron sends a great army against Gondor.

Minas Tirith is besieged. Denethor is deceived by Sauron and falls into despair. He burns himself alive on a pyre, nearly taking his son Faramir with him.

Aragorn, accompanied by Legolas, Gimli and the Rangers of the North, takes the Paths of the Dead to recruit the Dead Men of Dunharrow, who are bound by a curse which denies them rest until they fulfil their ancient forsworn oath to fight for the King of Gondor.

Aragorn defeats the Corsairs and uses their ships to transport the men of southern Gondor up the Anduin , reaching Minas Tirith just in time to turn the tide of battle.

Meanwhile, Sam rescues Frodo from the tower of Cirith Ungol. They set out across Mordor. Aragorn leads an army of men from Gondor and Rohan to march on the Black Gate to distract Sauron from his true danger.

His army is vastly outnumbered by the great might of Sauron. He claims it for himself and puts it on his finger. He struggles with Frodo and bites off Frodo's finger with the Ring still on it.

Celebrating wildly, Gollum loses his footing and falls into the Fire, taking the Ring with him. When the Ring is destroyed, Sauron loses his power forever.

The four hobbits make their way back to the Shire, only to find out that it has been taken over by men led by Sharkey. The hobbits raise a rebellion and liberate the Shire, though 19 hobbits are killed and 30 wounded.

Sharkey turns out to be Saruman. He is slain in turn by hobbit archers, and the War of the Ring comes to its true end on Frodo's very doorstep.

Merry and Pippin are celebrated as heroes. Sam marries Rosie Cotton and uses his gifts from Galadriel to help heal the Shire.

But Frodo is still wounded in body and spirit, having borne the Ring for so long. In the appendices, Sam gives his daughter Elanor the Red Book of Westmarch , which contains the story of Bilbo's adventures and the War of the Ring as witnessed by the hobbits.

Sam is then said to have crossed west over the Sea himself, the last of the Ring-bearers. Some characters in The Lord of the Rings are unequivocal protagonists , and others are absolute antagonists.

However despite criticism that the book's characters "are all either black or white", some of the 'good' characters have darker sides that feature in the story, and likewise some of the villains have "good impulses".

The Lord of the Rings started as a sequel to J. Tolkien's work The Hobbit , published in Tolkien warned them that he wrote quite slowly, and responded with several stories he had already developed.

The story would not be finished until 12 years later, in , and would not be fully published until , when Tolkien was 63 years old.

Persuaded by his publishers, he started "a new Hobbit" in December The idea for the first chapter "A Long-Expected Party" arrived fully formed, although the reasons behind Bilbo's disappearance, the significance of the Ring, and the title The Lord of the Rings did not arrive until the spring of Writing was slow, because Tolkien had a full-time academic position, and needed to earn further money as a university examiner.

Tolkien made another concerted effort in , and showed the manuscript to his publishers in Tolkien Collection at Marquette University.

The influence of the Welsh language , which Tolkien had learned, is summarized in his essay English and Welsh: The Lord of the Rings, in evidence: This element in the tale has given perhaps more pleasure to more readers than anything else in it.

Tolkien included neither any explicit religion nor cult in his work. Rather the themes, moral philosophy, and cosmology of The Lord of the Rings reflect his Catholic worldview.

In one of his letters Tolkien states, "The Lord of the Rings is of course a fundamentally religious and Catholic work; unconsciously so at first, but consciously in the revision.

That is why I have not put in, or have cut out, practically all references to anything like 'religion', to cults or practices, in the imaginary world.

For the religious element is absorbed into the story and the symbolism. Some locations and characters were inspired by Tolkien's childhood in Birmingham , where he first lived near Sarehole Mill , and later near Edgbaston Reservoir.

This shows in such names as "Underhill", and the description of Saruman's industrialization of Isengard and The Shire.

It has also been suggested that The Shire and its surroundings were based on the countryside around Stonyhurst College in Lancashire where Tolkien frequently stayed during the s.

After Milton Waldman, his contact at Collins, expressed the belief that The Lord of the Rings itself "urgently wanted cutting", Tolkien eventually demanded that they publish the book in For publication, the book was divided into three volumes to minimize any potential financial loss due to the high cost of type-setting and modest anticipated sales: Tolkien did not like the title The Return of the King , believing it gave away too much of the storyline, but deferred to his publisher's preference.

Tolkien was initially opposed to titles being given to each two-book volume, preferring instead the use of book titles: The Lord of the Rings: However these individual book titles were later scrapped, and after pressure from his publishers, Tolkien initially suggested the titles: The books were published under a profit-sharing arrangement, whereby Tolkien would not receive an advance or royalties until the books had broken even, after which he would take a large share of the profits.

In the early s Donald A. Wollheim , science fiction editor of the paperback publisher Ace Books , claimed that The Lord of the Rings was not protected in the United States under American copyright law because Houghton Mifflin, the US hardcover publisher, had neglected to copyright the work in the United States.

Tolkien took issue with this and quickly notified his fans of this objection. Tolkien undertook various textual revisions to produce a version of the book that would be published with his consent and establish an unquestioned US copyright.

On September 4, , the novel debuted on New York Times' Paperback Bestsellers list as number three, and was number one by December 4, a position it held for eight weeks.

In , for the 50th Anniversary Edition, Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull, under supervision from Christopher Tolkien, studied and revised the text to eliminate as many errors and inconsistencies as possible, some of which had been introduced by well-meaning compositors of the first printing in , and never been corrected.

Further corrections were added to the 60th Anniversary Edition in Several editions, notably the 50th Anniversary Edition, combine all three books into one volume, with the result that pagination varies widely over the various editions.

From to Christopher Tolkien published the surviving drafts of The Lord of The Rings , chronicling and illuminating with commentary the stages of the text's development, in volumes 6—9 of his History of Middle-earth series.

The novel has been translated, with various degrees of success, into at least 56 languages. Because The Lord of the Rings purports to be a translation of the fictitious Red Book of Westmarch , with the English language representing the Westron of the "original", Tolkien suggested that translators attempt to capture the interplay between English and the invented nomenclature of the English work, and gave several examples along with general guidance.

While early reviews for The Lord of the Rings were mixed, reviews in various media have been, on the whole, highly positive and acknowledge Tolkien's literary achievement as a significant one.

The initial review in the Sunday Telegraph described it as "among the greatest works of imaginative fiction of the twentieth century".

Auden , an admirer of Tolkien's writings, regarded The Lord of the Rings as a "masterpiece", further stating that in some cases it outdid the achievement of John Milton 's Paradise Lost.

New York Times reviewer Judith Shulevitz criticized the "pedantry" of Tolkien's literary style, saying that he "formulated a high-minded belief in the importance of his mission as a literary preservationist, which turns out to be death to literature itself".

Both the characters and the work itself are, according to Jenkyns, "anemic, and lacking in fibre". Hugo Dyson complained loudly at its readings.

Lewis , had very different feelings, writing, "here are beauties which pierce like swords or burn like cold iron. Here is a book which will break your heart.

Despite its numerous detractors, the publication of the Ace Books and Ballantine paperbacks helped The Lord of the Rings become immensely popular in the United States in the s.

The book has remained so ever since, ranking as one of the most popular works of fiction of the twentieth century, judged by both sales and reader surveys.

In similar polls both Germany [64] and Australia [65] also found The Lord of the Rings to be their favourite book.

In a poll of Amazon. Although The Lord of the Rings was published in the s, Tolkien insisted that the One Ring was not an allegory for the atomic bomb , [67] nor were his works a strict allegory of any kind, but were open to interpretation as the reader saw fit.

A few critics have found what they consider to be racial elements in the story, generally based upon their views of how Tolkien's imagery depicts good and evil, characters' race e.

The opinions that pit races against one another are likely to reflect Tolkien's critique on war rather than a racist perspective.

In The Two Towers , the character Samwise sees a fallen foe and considers for a moment the humanity of this fallen Southron who, just moments before, is shown to be a man of color.

Critics have also seen social class rather than race as being the determining factor in the portrayal of good and evil. The book has been read as fitting the model of Joseph Campbell 's " monomyth ".

The book has been adapted for radio four times. In the s radio station WBAI produced a short radio adaptation. For this purpose it is generally edited into 13 one-hour episodes.

Tolkien 's sale of the film rights for The Lord of the Rings to United Artists in , rock band The Beatles considered a corresponding film project and approached Stanley Kubrick as a potential director; however, Kubrick turned down the offer, explaining to John Lennon that he thought the novel could not be adapted into a film due to its immensity.

Two film adaptations of the book have been made. The first was J. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings , by animator Ralph Bakshi , the first part of what was originally intended to be a two-part adaptation of the story; it covers The Fellowship of the Ring and part of The Two Towers.

A three-issue comic book version of the movie was also published in Europe but not printed in English , with illustrations by Luis Bermejo.

When Bakshi's investors shied away of financing the second film that would complete the story, the remainder of the story was covered in an animated television special by Rankin-Bass.

Stylistically, the two segments are very different. The second and more commercially successful adaptation was Peter Jackson 's live action The Lord of the Rings film trilogy , produced by New Line Cinema and released in three instalments as The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King All three parts won multiple Academy Awards , including consecutive Best Picture nominations.

The final instalment of this trilogy was the second film to break the one-billion-dollar barrier and won a total of 11 Oscars something only two other films in history, Ben-Hur and Titanic , have accomplished , including Best Picture , Best Director and Best Adapted Screenplay.

The Hunt for Gollum , a fan film based on elements of the appendices to The Lord of the Rings , was released on the internet in May and has been covered in major media.

On 13 November , it was announced that Amazon had acquired the global television rights to The Lord of the Rings, committing to a multi-season television series.

The series will not be a direct adaptation of the books, but will instead introduce new stories that are set before The Fellowship of the Ring.

The enormous popularity of Tolkien's work expanded the demand for fantasy fiction. Largely thanks to The Lord of the Rings, the genre flowered throughout the s, and enjoys popularity to the present day.

The opus has spawned many imitators, such as The Sword of Shannara , which Lin Carter called "the single most cold-blooded, complete rip-off of another book that I have ever read".

However, Gary Gygax , lead designer of the game, maintained that he was influenced very little by The Lord of the Rings , stating that he included these elements as a marketing move to draw on the popularity the work enjoyed at the time he was developing the game.

Research also suggests that some consumers of fantasy games derive their motivation from trying to create an epic fantasy narrative which is influenced by The Lord of the Rings.

Rock bands of the s were musically and lyrically inspired by the fantasy embracing counter-culture of the time; British 70s rock band Led Zeppelin recorded several songs that contain explicit references to The Lord of the Rings , such as mentioning Gollum in " Ramble On ", the Misty Mountains in " Misty Mountain Hop ", and Ringwraiths in " The Battle of Evermore ".

In , the Swedish musician Bo Hansson released an instrumental concept album based on the book titled Sagan om ringen translated as "The Saga of the Ring", which was the title of the Swedish translation of The Lord of the Rings at the time.

Styx also paid homage to Tolkien on their album Pieces of Eight with the song "Lords of the Ring", while Black Sabbath 's song, "The Wizard", which appeared on their debut album , was influenced by Tolkien's hero, Gandalf.

Later, from the s to the present day, many heavy metal acts have been influenced by Tolkien. Blind Guardian has written many songs relating to Middle-earth, including the full concept album Nightfall in Middle Earth.

Almost the entire discography of Battlelore are Tolkien-themed. Summoning 's music is based upon Tolkien and holds the distinction of the being the only artist to have crafted a song entirely in the Black Speech of Mordor.

The Finnish metal band Nightwish and the Norwegian metal band Tristania have also incorporated many Tolkien references into their music.

They are not to be confused with the '70s folk rock band Thorin Eichenschild. In the symphony was awarded the Sudler Composition Award , awarded biennially for best wind band composition.

The Danish Tolkien Ensemble have released a number of albums that feature the complete poems and songs of The Lord of the Rings set to music, with some featuring recitation by Christopher Lee.

The Lord of the Rings has had a profound and wide-ranging impact on popular culture, beginning with its publication in the s, but especially throughout the s and s, during which time young people embraced it as a countercultural saga.

Boy Genius episode "Lights! Since then all "authorized" merchandise has been signed-off by Tolkien Enterprises, although the intellectual property rights of the specific likenesses of characters and other imagery from various adaptations is generally held by the adaptors.

Recent examples include the Spiel des Jahres award winning for best use of literature in a game board game The Lord of the Rings by Reiner Knizia and the Golden Joystick award-winning massively multiplayer online role-playing game , The Lord of the Rings Online: Shadows of Angmar by Turbine, Inc.

Rex took his name from the hobbit Peregrin Took better known as Pippin. Took later recorded under the pseudonym ' Shagrat the Vagrant ', before forming a band called Shagrat in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the novel. For the film series, see The Lord of the Rings film series. For other uses, see The Lord of the Rings disambiguation.

Translations of The Lord of the Rings. Themes of The Lord of the Rings. Adaptations of The Lord of the Rings. Works inspired by J. Middle-earth portal Novels portal.

Lewis's "lies breathed through silver". Mythopoeia was also the title of one of his poems, first published in Tree and Leaf in Archived from the original on 9 March Retrieved 8 March Archived from the original PDF on 3 March Retrieved 24 October Houghton Mifflin , Archived from the original on 1 November Retrieved 4 December

They force him to guide them to Mordor. From Wikipedia, the arminia bielefeld kader encyclopedia. Edit Did You Know? Wikipedias text är tillgänglig under licensen Creative Commons Erkännande-dela-lika 3. Tolkien's The Lord of the Ringsby animator Ralph Bakshithe first part Beste Spielothek in Kotzenbach finden what was originally intended to liverpool ergebnisse a two-part adaptation of the story; it covers The Fellowship of the Ring and part of The Two Towers. Following the Normandy Mainz werder, a group of U. Merry and Pippin are celebrated as heroes. Archived from the original on 10 February Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings". Tolkien 's The Lord of the Rings. Archived from the original on 9 April

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Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Die Rückkehr des Königs. Das Timing ist hervorragend. Der Soundtrack verkaufte sich gut und erhielt zahlreiche Auszeichnungen, darunter einen Oscar für die beste Filmmusik. Und auch de rasante und romantische Gut-gegen-Böse-Story ist unverändert. Eine tolle, hochdynamische Show. Geburtstag, von dort fortzugehen und seinem Neffen Frodo Beutlin den Ring zu vermachen. Vorab kam ein Trailer in den Umlauf, der momentan nicht mehr online zu sehen ist und der sich in Details von finalen Versionen unterschied. Um Ihnen ein besseres Nutzererlebnis zu bieten, verwenden wir Cookies. Danach, zum endgültigen Abschied, bringt die Compagnie noch einmal den weltberühmten, donnernden Reihentanz. In Bruchtal entscheidet ein Rat aus Vertretern der freien Völker Mittelerdes, dass eine Gemeinschaft von neun Gefährten den Ring nach Mordor bringen soll, um ihn dort zu vernichten. Es klingt wie Klicker-di-Klacker, Klicker-di-Klacker Die zwei Türme Der Herr der Ringe: Er bietet Galadriel den Ring an, die — selbst Ringträgerin — diesem Angebot widerstehen kann. The Fellowship of the Ring. Stimme Sauron David Weatherley: Er will sie in die Elbenstadt Bruchtal führen. Torwächter Heinrich Harry Sinclair:

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Lord of the Rings Sound of The Shire Die Gefährten fünf Auszeichnungen. Weitere Drehorte waren der Whitireia und der Harcourt Park. Dezember zodiac flash casino lockte rund 11,8 Millionen Besucher in die deutschen Kinos. Gerüchten zufolge soll ein weiterer Grund für lord od Ende der Verhandlungen auch die Zugehörigkeit von Miramax zum Disney -Konzern gewesen sein. Die Rückkehr des Königs Danach, zum endgültigen Abschied, bringt die Compagnie noch einmal den weltberühmten, donnernden Reihentanz. Regie führte der Neuseeländer Peter Jackson. Damit endet Teil 1. Geburtstag, von dort fortzugehen und seinem Neffen Frodo Beutlin den Ring zu vermachen. E-Mail Adresse Passwort Passwort vergessen? Dies ist die gesichtete Versiondie am Fck braunschweig macht sich daraufhin auf den Weg ins Elbental. So auch bei den exakten, ebenfalls rasanten Ensemble-Choreographien. Als Gegenpart kamen kriegerische, stampfende Rhythmen für die Orks und Saruman dazu. Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. Mithin auch einen anderen, naturverbundenen Lebensstil, der damals auch die Bewegung der Hannover gegen bremen bewegte. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Mastermind Flatley rüdiger nationalmannschaft auch noch auf: Auch hier gab Jackson Arwen eine aktivere, zentralere Rolle, als Tolkien das getan hat. Nach zwei Stunden Riesenjubel und stehender Applaus.

One night, an aerial battle occurs near the island while the boys sleep, during which a fighter pilot ejects from his plane and dies in the descent.

His body drifts down to the island in his parachute; both get tangled in a tree near the top of the mountain. Later on, while Jack continues to scheme against Ralph, the twins Sam and Eric, now assigned to the maintenance of the signal fire, see the corpse of the fighter pilot and his parachute in the dark.

Mistaking the corpse for the beast, they run to the cluster of shelters that Ralph and Simon have erected to warn the others.

This unexpected meeting again raises tensions between Jack and Ralph. Shortly thereafter, Jack decides to lead a party to the other side of the island, where a mountain of stones, later called Castle Rock, forms a place where he claims the beast resides.

Only Ralph and a quiet suspicious boy, Roger, Jack's closest supporter, agree to go; Ralph turns back shortly before the other two boys but eventually all three see the parachutist, whose head rises via the wind.

They then flee, now believing the beast is truly real. When they arrive at the shelters, Jack calls an assembly and tries to turn the others against Ralph, asking them to remove Ralph from his position.

Receiving no support, Jack storms off alone to form his own tribe. Roger immediately sneaks off to join Jack, and slowly an increasing number of older boys abandon Ralph to join Jack's tribe.

Jack's tribe continues to lure recruits from the main group by promising feasts of cooked pig. The members begin to paint their faces and enact bizarre rites, including sacrifices to the beast.

One night, Ralph and Piggy decide to go to one of Jack's feasts. Simon, who faints frequently and is probably an epileptic , [6] [7] has a secret hideaway where he goes to be alone.

One day while he is there, Jack and his followers erect an offering to the beast nearby: Simon conducts an imaginary dialogue with the head, which he dubs the " Lord of the Flies ".

The head mocks Simon's notion that the beast is a real entity, "something you could hunt and kill", and reveals the truth: The Lord of the Flies also warns Simon that he is in danger, because he represents the soul of man, and predicts that the others will kill him.

Simon climbs the mountain alone and discovers that the "beast" is the dead parachutist. He rushes down to tell the other boys, who are engaged in a ritual dance.

The frenzied boys mistake Simon for the beast, attack him, and beat him to death. Both Ralph and Piggy participate in the melee, and they become deeply disturbed by their actions after returning from Castle Rock.

Jack and his rebel band decide that the real symbol of power on the island is not the conch, but Piggy's glasses—the only means the boys have of starting a fire.

They raid Ralph's camp, confiscate the glasses, and return to their abode on Castle Rock. Ralph, now deserted by most of his supporters, journeys to Castle Rock to confront Jack and secure the glasses.

Taking the conch and accompanied only by Piggy, Sam, and Eric, Ralph finds the tribe and demands that they return the valuable object.

Confirming their total rejection of Ralph's authority, the tribe capture and bind the twins under Jack's command.

Ralph and Jack engage in a fight which neither wins before Piggy tries once more to address the tribe.

Any sense of order or safety is permanently eroded when Roger, now sadistic, deliberately drops a boulder from his vantage point above, killing Piggy and shattering the conch.

Ralph manages to escape, but Sam and Eric are tortured by Roger until they agree to join Jack's tribe. Ralph secretly confronts Sam and Eric, who warn him that Jack and Roger hate him and that Roger has sharpened a stick at both ends, implying the tribe intends to hunt him like a pig and behead him.

The following morning, Jack orders his tribe to begin a hunt for Ralph. Jack's savages set fire to the forest while Ralph desperately weighs his options for survival.

Following a long chase, most of the island is consumed in flames. With the hunters closely behind him, Ralph trips and falls. He looks up at a uniformed adult—a British naval officer whose party has landed from a passing cruiser to investigate the fire.

Ralph bursts into tears over the death of Piggy and the "end of innocence". Jack and the other children, filthy and unkempt, also revert to their true ages and erupt into sobs.

The officer expresses his disappointment at seeing British boys exhibiting such feral, warlike behaviour before turning to stare awkwardly at his own warship.

At an allegorical level, the central theme is the conflicting human impulses toward civilisation and social organisation—living by rules, peacefully and in harmony—and toward the will to power.

Themes include the tension between groupthink and individuality, between rational and emotional reactions, and between morality and immorality.

How these play out, and how different people feel the influences of these form a major subtext of Lord of the Flies.

In February , Floyd C. Gale of Galaxy Science Fiction rated Lord of the Flies five stars out of five, stating that "Golding paints a truly terrifying picture of the decay of a minuscule society Well on its way to becoming a modern classic".

A fourth adaptation, to feature an all-female cast, was announced by Warner Bros. Scott McGehee and David Siegel are slated to write and direct.

Nigel Williams adapted the text for the stage. It was debuted by the Royal Shakespeare Company in July In October it was announced that the production [14] of Lord of the Flies would return to conclude the season at the Regent's Park Open Air Theatre ahead of a major UK tour.

The production was to be directed by the Artistic Director Timothy Sheader who won the Whatsonstage. Many writers have borrowed plot elements from Lord of the Flies.

By the early s, it was required reading in many schools and colleges. Stephen King's fictional town of Castle Rock, inspired by the fictional mountain fort of the same name in Lord of the Flies , in turn inspired the name of Rob Reiner 's production company, Castle Rock Entertainment , which produced the film Lord of the Flies Stephen King got the name Castle Rock from the fictional mountain fort of the same name in Lord of the Flies and used the name to refer to a fictional town that has appeared in a number of his novels.

Stephen King wrote an introduction for a new edition of Lord of the Flies to mark the centenary of William Golding's birth in Iron Maiden wrote a song inspired by the book, included in their album The X Factor.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the film, see Lord of the Flies film. For other uses, see Lord of the Flies disambiguation. This article needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

April Learn how and when to remove this template message. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. Archived from the original on 25 October Retrieved 10 September Thousands of years before the events of the novel, the Dark Lord Sauron had forged the One Ring to rule the other Rings of Power and corrupt those who wore them: Sauron was defeated by an alliance of Elves and Men led by Gil-galad and Elendil , respectively.

In the final battle, Isildur , son of Elendil, cut the One Ring from Sauron's finger, causing Sauron to lose his physical form.

Isildur claimed the Ring as an heirloom for his line, but when he was later ambushed and killed by the Orcs , the Ring was lost in the River Anduin.

The Ring gave him long life and changed him over hundreds of years into a twisted, corrupted creature called Gollum.

Meanwhile, Sauron assumed a new form and took back his old realm of Mordor. When Gollum set out in search of the Ring, he was captured and tortured by Sauron.

Sauron learned from Gollum that "Baggins" of the Shire had taken the Ring. Gollum was set loose. The story begins in the Shire , where the hobbit Frodo Baggins inherits the Ring from Bilbo Baggins, his cousin [c] and guardian.

Neither hobbit is aware of the Ring's nature, but Gandalf the Grey , a wizard and an old friend of Bilbo, suspects it to be Sauron's Ring.

Seventeen years later, after Gandalf confirms his guess, he tells Frodo the history of the Ring and counsels him to take it away from the Shire.

They are nearly caught by the Black Riders , but shake off their pursuers by cutting through the Old Forest. There they are aided by Tom Bombadil , a strange and merry fellow who lives with his wife Goldberry in the forest.

The hobbits reach the town of Bree , where they encounter a Ranger named Strider , whom Gandalf had mentioned in a letter. Strider persuades the hobbits to take him on as their guide and protector.

Together, they leave Bree after another close escape from the Black Riders. On the hill of Weathertop , they are again attacked by the Black Riders, who wound Frodo with a cursed blade.

Strider fights them off and leads the hobbits towards the Elven refuge of Rivendell. Frodo falls deathly ill from the wound.

The Black Riders nearly capture him at the Ford of Bruinen , but flood waters summoned by Elrond , master of Rivendell, rise up and overwhelm them.

Frodo recovers in Rivendell under Elrond's care. The Council of Elrond discusses the history of Sauron and the Ring. Strider is revealed to be Aragorn , Isildur's heir.

Gandalf reports that Saruman has betrayed them and is now working to become a power in his own right. The Council decides that the Ring must be destroyed, but that can only be done by sending it to the Fire of Mount Doom in Mordor, where it was forged.

Frodo takes this task upon himself. Elrond, with the advice of Gandalf, chooses companions for him. The Company of the Ring are nine in number: After a failed attempt to cross the Misty Mountains through the Redhorn Pass, the Company are forced to take a perilous path through the Mines of Moria.

They are attacked by the Watcher in the Water before the doors of Moria. Inside Moria, they learn of the fate of Balin and his colony of Dwarves.

After surviving an attack, they are pursued by Orcs and by an ancient demon called a Balrog. Gandalf faces the Balrog, and both of them fall into the abyss.

There, Boromir tries to take the Ring from Frodo, but Frodo puts it on and disappears. Frodo chooses to go alone to Mordor, but Sam guesses what he intends and goes with him.

Aragorn, Gimli and Legolas debate which pair of hobbits to follow. They decide to pursue the Orcs taking Merry and Pippin to Saruman.

In the kingdom of Rohan , the Orcs are slain by a company of Rohirrim. Merry and Pippin escape into Fangorn Forest, where they are befriended by Treebeard , the oldest of the tree-like Ents.

Aragorn, Gimli and Legolas track the hobbits to Fangorn. There they unexpectedly meet Gandalf. Gandalf explains that he slew the Balrog; darkness took him, but he was sent back to Middle-earth to complete his mission.

He is clothed in white and is now Gandalf the White, for he has taken Saruman's place as the chief of the wizards.

Gandalf assures his friends that Merry and Pippin are safe. Together they ride to Edoras , capital of Rohan. Meanwhile, the Ents, roused by Merry and Pippin from their peaceful ways, attack Isengard , Saruman's stronghold, and trap the wizard in the tower of Orthanc.

Gandalf brings an army of Rohirrim to Helm's Deep, and they defeat the Orcs, who flee into the "forest" of Huorns, never to be seen again. Gandalf offers Saruman a chance to turn away from evil.

When Saruman refuses to listen, Gandalf strips him of his rank and most of his powers. After Saruman crawls back to his prison, Wormtongue drops a sphere to try and kill Gandalf.

Pippin is seen by Sauron. Gandalf rides for Minas Tirith , chief city of Gondor, taking Pippin with him.

Frodo and Sam capture Gollum, who has followed them from Moria. They force him to guide them to Mordor. They find that the Black Gate of Mordor is too well guarded, so instead they travel to a secret way Gollum knows.

On the way, they encounter Faramir , who, unlike his brother Boromir, resists the temptation to seize the Ring.

Gollum — who is torn between his loyalty to Frodo and his desire for the Ring — betrays Frodo by leading him to the great spider Shelob in the tunnels of Cirith Ungol.

Frodo falls to Shelob's sting. But with the help of Galadriel's gifts, Sam fights off the spider. Believing Frodo to be dead, Sam takes the Ring to continue the quest alone.

Orcs find Frodo; Sam overhears them and learns that Frodo is still alive. Sauron sends a great army against Gondor.

Minas Tirith is besieged. Denethor is deceived by Sauron and falls into despair. He burns himself alive on a pyre, nearly taking his son Faramir with him.

Aragorn, accompanied by Legolas, Gimli and the Rangers of the North, takes the Paths of the Dead to recruit the Dead Men of Dunharrow, who are bound by a curse which denies them rest until they fulfil their ancient forsworn oath to fight for the King of Gondor.

Aragorn defeats the Corsairs and uses their ships to transport the men of southern Gondor up the Anduin , reaching Minas Tirith just in time to turn the tide of battle.

Meanwhile, Sam rescues Frodo from the tower of Cirith Ungol. They set out across Mordor. Aragorn leads an army of men from Gondor and Rohan to march on the Black Gate to distract Sauron from his true danger.

His army is vastly outnumbered by the great might of Sauron. He claims it for himself and puts it on his finger.

He struggles with Frodo and bites off Frodo's finger with the Ring still on it. Celebrating wildly, Gollum loses his footing and falls into the Fire, taking the Ring with him.

When the Ring is destroyed, Sauron loses his power forever. The four hobbits make their way back to the Shire, only to find out that it has been taken over by men led by Sharkey.

The hobbits raise a rebellion and liberate the Shire, though 19 hobbits are killed and 30 wounded. Sharkey turns out to be Saruman.

He is slain in turn by hobbit archers, and the War of the Ring comes to its true end on Frodo's very doorstep. Merry and Pippin are celebrated as heroes.

Sam marries Rosie Cotton and uses his gifts from Galadriel to help heal the Shire. But Frodo is still wounded in body and spirit, having borne the Ring for so long.

In the appendices, Sam gives his daughter Elanor the Red Book of Westmarch , which contains the story of Bilbo's adventures and the War of the Ring as witnessed by the hobbits.

Sam is then said to have crossed west over the Sea himself, the last of the Ring-bearers. Some characters in The Lord of the Rings are unequivocal protagonists , and others are absolute antagonists.

However despite criticism that the book's characters "are all either black or white", some of the 'good' characters have darker sides that feature in the story, and likewise some of the villains have "good impulses".

The Lord of the Rings started as a sequel to J. Tolkien's work The Hobbit , published in Tolkien warned them that he wrote quite slowly, and responded with several stories he had already developed.

The story would not be finished until 12 years later, in , and would not be fully published until , when Tolkien was 63 years old.

Persuaded by his publishers, he started "a new Hobbit" in December The idea for the first chapter "A Long-Expected Party" arrived fully formed, although the reasons behind Bilbo's disappearance, the significance of the Ring, and the title The Lord of the Rings did not arrive until the spring of Writing was slow, because Tolkien had a full-time academic position, and needed to earn further money as a university examiner.

Tolkien made another concerted effort in , and showed the manuscript to his publishers in Tolkien Collection at Marquette University.

The influence of the Welsh language , which Tolkien had learned, is summarized in his essay English and Welsh: The Lord of the Rings, in evidence: This element in the tale has given perhaps more pleasure to more readers than anything else in it.

Tolkien included neither any explicit religion nor cult in his work. Rather the themes, moral philosophy, and cosmology of The Lord of the Rings reflect his Catholic worldview.

In one of his letters Tolkien states, "The Lord of the Rings is of course a fundamentally religious and Catholic work; unconsciously so at first, but consciously in the revision.

That is why I have not put in, or have cut out, practically all references to anything like 'religion', to cults or practices, in the imaginary world.

For the religious element is absorbed into the story and the symbolism. Some locations and characters were inspired by Tolkien's childhood in Birmingham , where he first lived near Sarehole Mill , and later near Edgbaston Reservoir.

This shows in such names as "Underhill", and the description of Saruman's industrialization of Isengard and The Shire. It has also been suggested that The Shire and its surroundings were based on the countryside around Stonyhurst College in Lancashire where Tolkien frequently stayed during the s.

After Milton Waldman, his contact at Collins, expressed the belief that The Lord of the Rings itself "urgently wanted cutting", Tolkien eventually demanded that they publish the book in For publication, the book was divided into three volumes to minimize any potential financial loss due to the high cost of type-setting and modest anticipated sales: Tolkien did not like the title The Return of the King , believing it gave away too much of the storyline, but deferred to his publisher's preference.

Tolkien was initially opposed to titles being given to each two-book volume, preferring instead the use of book titles: The Lord of the Rings: However these individual book titles were later scrapped, and after pressure from his publishers, Tolkien initially suggested the titles: The books were published under a profit-sharing arrangement, whereby Tolkien would not receive an advance or royalties until the books had broken even, after which he would take a large share of the profits.

In the early s Donald A. Wollheim , science fiction editor of the paperback publisher Ace Books , claimed that The Lord of the Rings was not protected in the United States under American copyright law because Houghton Mifflin, the US hardcover publisher, had neglected to copyright the work in the United States.

Tolkien took issue with this and quickly notified his fans of this objection. Tolkien undertook various textual revisions to produce a version of the book that would be published with his consent and establish an unquestioned US copyright.

On September 4, , the novel debuted on New York Times' Paperback Bestsellers list as number three, and was number one by December 4, a position it held for eight weeks.

In , for the 50th Anniversary Edition, Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull, under supervision from Christopher Tolkien, studied and revised the text to eliminate as many errors and inconsistencies as possible, some of which had been introduced by well-meaning compositors of the first printing in , and never been corrected.

Further corrections were added to the 60th Anniversary Edition in Several editions, notably the 50th Anniversary Edition, combine all three books into one volume, with the result that pagination varies widely over the various editions.

From to Christopher Tolkien published the surviving drafts of The Lord of The Rings , chronicling and illuminating with commentary the stages of the text's development, in volumes 6—9 of his History of Middle-earth series.

The novel has been translated, with various degrees of success, into at least 56 languages. Because The Lord of the Rings purports to be a translation of the fictitious Red Book of Westmarch , with the English language representing the Westron of the "original", Tolkien suggested that translators attempt to capture the interplay between English and the invented nomenclature of the English work, and gave several examples along with general guidance.

While early reviews for The Lord of the Rings were mixed, reviews in various media have been, on the whole, highly positive and acknowledge Tolkien's literary achievement as a significant one.

The initial review in the Sunday Telegraph described it as "among the greatest works of imaginative fiction of the twentieth century".

Auden , an admirer of Tolkien's writings, regarded The Lord of the Rings as a "masterpiece", further stating that in some cases it outdid the achievement of John Milton 's Paradise Lost.

New York Times reviewer Judith Shulevitz criticized the "pedantry" of Tolkien's literary style, saying that he "formulated a high-minded belief in the importance of his mission as a literary preservationist, which turns out to be death to literature itself".

Both the characters and the work itself are, according to Jenkyns, "anemic, and lacking in fibre". Hugo Dyson complained loudly at its readings.

Lewis , had very different feelings, writing, "here are beauties which pierce like swords or burn like cold iron.

Here is a book which will break your heart. Despite its numerous detractors, the publication of the Ace Books and Ballantine paperbacks helped The Lord of the Rings become immensely popular in the United States in the s.

The book has remained so ever since, ranking as one of the most popular works of fiction of the twentieth century, judged by both sales and reader surveys.

In similar polls both Germany [64] and Australia [65] also found The Lord of the Rings to be their favourite book. In a poll of Amazon.

Although The Lord of the Rings was published in the s, Tolkien insisted that the One Ring was not an allegory for the atomic bomb , [67] nor were his works a strict allegory of any kind, but were open to interpretation as the reader saw fit.

A few critics have found what they consider to be racial elements in the story, generally based upon their views of how Tolkien's imagery depicts good and evil, characters' race e.

The opinions that pit races against one another are likely to reflect Tolkien's critique on war rather than a racist perspective.

In The Two Towers , the character Samwise sees a fallen foe and considers for a moment the humanity of this fallen Southron who, just moments before, is shown to be a man of color.

Critics have also seen social class rather than race as being the determining factor in the portrayal of good and evil.

The book has been read as fitting the model of Joseph Campbell 's " monomyth ". The book has been adapted for radio four times. In the s radio station WBAI produced a short radio adaptation.

For this purpose it is generally edited into 13 one-hour episodes. Tolkien 's sale of the film rights for The Lord of the Rings to United Artists in , rock band The Beatles considered a corresponding film project and approached Stanley Kubrick as a potential director; however, Kubrick turned down the offer, explaining to John Lennon that he thought the novel could not be adapted into a film due to its immensity.

Two film adaptations of the book have been made. The first was J. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings , by animator Ralph Bakshi , the first part of what was originally intended to be a two-part adaptation of the story; it covers The Fellowship of the Ring and part of The Two Towers.

A three-issue comic book version of the movie was also published in Europe but not printed in English , with illustrations by Luis Bermejo.

When Bakshi's investors shied away of financing the second film that would complete the story, the remainder of the story was covered in an animated television special by Rankin-Bass.

Stylistically, the two segments are very different. The second and more commercially successful adaptation was Peter Jackson 's live action The Lord of the Rings film trilogy , produced by New Line Cinema and released in three instalments as The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King All three parts won multiple Academy Awards , including consecutive Best Picture nominations.

The final instalment of this trilogy was the second film to break the one-billion-dollar barrier and won a total of 11 Oscars something only two other films in history, Ben-Hur and Titanic , have accomplished , including Best Picture , Best Director and Best Adapted Screenplay.

The Hunt for Gollum , a fan film based on elements of the appendices to The Lord of the Rings , was released on the internet in May and has been covered in major media.

On 13 November , it was announced that Amazon had acquired the global television rights to The Lord of the Rings, committing to a multi-season television series.

The series will not be a direct adaptation of the books, but will instead introduce new stories that are set before The Fellowship of the Ring.

The enormous popularity of Tolkien's work expanded the demand for fantasy fiction. Largely thanks to The Lord of the Rings, the genre flowered throughout the s, and enjoys popularity to the present day.

The opus has spawned many imitators, such as The Sword of Shannara , which Lin Carter called "the single most cold-blooded, complete rip-off of another book that I have ever read".

However, Gary Gygax , lead designer of the game, maintained that he was influenced very little by The Lord of the Rings , stating that he included these elements as a marketing move to draw on the popularity the work enjoyed at the time he was developing the game.

Research also suggests that some consumers of fantasy games derive their motivation from trying to create an epic fantasy narrative which is influenced by The Lord of the Rings.

Rock bands of the s were musically and lyrically inspired by the fantasy embracing counter-culture of the time; British 70s rock band Led Zeppelin recorded several songs that contain explicit references to The Lord of the Rings , such as mentioning Gollum in " Ramble On ", the Misty Mountains in " Misty Mountain Hop ", and Ringwraiths in " The Battle of Evermore ".

In , the Swedish musician Bo Hansson released an instrumental concept album based on the book titled Sagan om ringen translated as "The Saga of the Ring", which was the title of the Swedish translation of The Lord of the Rings at the time.

Styx also paid homage to Tolkien on their album Pieces of Eight with the song "Lords of the Ring", while Black Sabbath 's song, "The Wizard", which appeared on their debut album , was influenced by Tolkien's hero, Gandalf.

Later, from the s to the present day, many heavy metal acts have been influenced by Tolkien. Blind Guardian has written many songs relating to Middle-earth, including the full concept album Nightfall in Middle Earth.

Almost the entire discography of Battlelore are Tolkien-themed. Summoning 's music is based upon Tolkien and holds the distinction of the being the only artist to have crafted a song entirely in the Black Speech of Mordor.

The Finnish metal band Nightwish and the Norwegian metal band Tristania have also incorporated many Tolkien references into their music. They are not to be confused with the '70s folk rock band Thorin Eichenschild.

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